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Tuesday, 09 July 2024 00:00

Types and Symptoms of Congenital Foot Deformities

Congenital foot deformities are structural abnormalities present at birth that affect the shape and function of an infant's feet. Metatarsus adductus is characterized by the inward curvature of the front half of the foot, resulting in a C shape and often causing difficulty in fitting shoes. Clubfoot involves a twisted position where the foot points downward and inward, leading to difficulties in walking if untreated. Calcaneovalgus deformity presents as an upward and outward bending of the foot, which can cause a flatfoot appearance and limited mobility. Additionally, congenital vertical talus, a more severe condition, results in a rigid rocker-bottom foot, where the sole faces outward and the arch is absent. Symptoms of these deformities include abnormal foot positioning, restricted movement, and, as the child grows, potential pain and walking difficulties. If your child has a congenital foot condition, it is suggested that you include a podiatrist on your healthcare team to help manage the specific ailment.

Some foot conditions may require additional professional care. If you have any concerns, contact Mark Poplawski, DPM of Jersey Shore Podiatry, LLC. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Rare Foot Conditions

The majority of foot conditions are common and can be treated by a podiatrist.  Standard diagnostic procedures are generally used to identify specific conditions and treatment can be rendered. A podiatrist also treats rare foot conditions which can be difficult to diagnose and may need extra attention and care. 

There are many rare foot conditions that can affect children. Some of these can include:

  • Freiberg’s disease
  • Kohler’s disease
  • Maffucci syndrome

Freiberg’s disease - This can be seen as a deterioration and flattening of a metatarsal bone that exists in the ball of the foot. It typically affects pre-teen and teenage girls, but can affect anyone at any age. Symptoms that can accompany this can be swelling, stiffness, and the patient may limp. 

Kohler’s disease - This often targets the bone in the arch of the foot and affects younger boys. It can lead to an interruption of the blood supply which ultimately can lead to bone deterioration. The patient may limp or experience tenderness, swelling, and redness.

Maffucci syndrome - This affects the long bones in a child’s foot leading to the development of abnormal bone lesions. They are benign growths and typically develop in early childhood and the bones may be susceptible to breaking. 

A podiatrist can properly diagnose and treat all types of rare foot conditions. If your child is affected by any of these symptoms or conditions, please don’t hesitate to call our office so the correct treatment method can begin.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Toms River, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Rare Foot Conditions